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Saturday, June 2 • 11:30am - 12:00pm
(Textiles) A bridge between Science and Archaeology in studying Tutankhamun's Hassock

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A unique category of bead-work, found in the tomb of Tutankhamun, the hassock, or small pillows. The footstool was made of cloth filled with bran. On the cloth an elaborate pattern of bead-work, in blue, green, red, yellow and white disc beads. The composition and the technology of the hassocks are the most complex of Egyptian bead-work. This hassock presents the analysis of Social aspects in this period from interesting by decoration of bead-work and also the unique technological solutions. The aim of our research first is to describe the beading techniques from the analysis of the fabrication and pattern of bead-work, also to give an insight in time spent in production and on the effort put into this hassock. The identification of botanic remains assemblage from hassock. Photographic documentation with Dino-Lite Digital Microscope (USB) for beads and bran remains, also drawing and illustration was used to document the materials used, the pattern, the beading technique and type of beads used in a beaded fabric. Dino-Lite Digital Microscope (USB) talks all measurements diameter, thickness, length and width for both beads and bran remains.Archaeopotanic study is very important in this part of our research which gives us more details about the technology and bran used in footstool in the new kingdom which was identified from Hordeum Species. Multispectral imaging (MSI) technique was used on the different color beads, allowing us to analyze it non-destructively and with great results from each color. Multiple analytical and examination techniques were carried out on the beads and bran, such as optical light microscope, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) ,X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and portable X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (pXRF). pXRF is best suited to minor and trace elements for this XRF is used to determine the elemental composition of the beads and to infer their original color. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is able to distinguish the glass phase from the texture of the grains, giving information on the thickness of the glaze and of the buffer layer. Optical microscope gives us more details about the thickness and characterization of glaze layer.

Saturday June 2, 2018 11:30am - 12:00pm MDT
River Oaks Meeting Room Marriott Marquis Houston
  6. Specialty Session, Textiles