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Friday, June 1 • 9:30am - 10:00am
(Research and Technical Studies + Wooden Artifacts) Interdisciplinary and Multi-Technique Study of Previous Conservation, Bending Media, and Pigments of a Painted Polychrome Coffin from the Late Period

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This paper describes the scientific investigations of an Ancient Egyptian painted wooden coffin, dating back to late period (664-332 BC). The polychrome coffin was previously restored, and previous plaster fills obscured original surface. The focus of this study is to use a multi-analytical approach to map and identify the pigments used on a polychrome wooden coffin , as well as to provide a deeper understanding of the painting techniques, the condition of the object, identification of wood species, identification of insects founded inside coffin, previous conservation materials, ground layer and painted layer included in this study. Several analytical and observation methods were employed in the identification processes such as the Light optical microscopy (OM), X-ray fluorescence portable (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Moreover, the application of technical photography provided useful information about the spatial distribution of the surviving original pigments, in particular visible-induced luminescence, which played an important role to recognize spatial distribution of areas containing Egyptian blue, even if it is in traces or mixed with other pigments, the authors were significantly interested in mapping technical photography (TP) including IR false color with XRF results as a non destructive methods to identify coffin pigments. Red pigment identified as Cinnabar, and recorded as a rare pigment found in late period collections. Key words: painted wooden coffin; Multispectral imaging; XRF; wood identification; Cinnabar

avatar for M. Moustafa

M. Moustafa

Scientific Conservator, Grand Egyptian Museum
Licence in Archaeology from Cairo University, Faculty of Archeology, Conservation Departement , 2010 ,now he is master student specialized in conservation of wooden artifacts and working in his master about (Treatment and Conservation gilded and painted wooden artifacts with application... Read More →

avatar for Dr. Medhat Abdallah

Dr. Medhat Abdallah

Head, Wood Laboratory, Grand Egyptian Museum, Conservation Center, Ministry of Antiquities
Dr. Medhat abd allah abd elhamid, Director of Conservation for the Sqqara Collection, is a specialist in conservation of wooden artifacts. He has published many papers and posters in international periodicals and conferences and shared as an Egyptian expert in the joint conservation... Read More →
avatar for Ahmed Abdrabou

Ahmed Abdrabou

Conservator, Wood Laboratory, Grand Egyptian Museum, Conservation Center, Ministry of Antiquities
Ahmed Abdrabou is conservator at the Wood Laboratory, Grand Egyptian Museum, Conservation Centre (GEM.CC), Ministry of Antiquities, Egypt. Ahmed carried out several treatments on many museum objects, in particular the collection of King Tutankhamun. He is currently the head of documentation... Read More →
avatar for Dr. Hussein M. Kamal

Dr. Hussein M. Kamal

Technical Affairs, Grand Egyptian Museum, Conservation Center
Hussein M. Kamal, PhD in Conservation of Antiquities, is the General Director of Conservation Technical Affairs at the Grand Egyptian Museum, Egypt. He has published extensively in different conservation aspects and presented lots of issues in international conferences and congresses... Read More →

Friday June 1, 2018 9:30am - 10:00am MDT
Kingwood Meeting Room Marriott Marquis Houston