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Friday, June 1 • 8:30am - 9:00am
(Architecture) The development of modern organic materials, 1845-1930

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Up to the middle of the nineteenth century, the “liquid-to-solid” organic materials that serve as architectural paints, coatings and adhesives represented the chemistry of natural products. The sources of raw materials were varied, including drying oils, tree resins, and animal and fish glues, but commercial users wanted products with greater ease of use, and better (and more consistent) performance. The earliest of these improved materials involved relatively simple modification of natural products, with industrial-scale experimentation giving us vulcanized rubber and cellulose nitrate. Improvements in the production of coal and oil distillates, and in the structural study of organic molecules, led to the first generation of phenolic resins and butadiene rubber in the early twentieth century. By 1930, many familiar materials—such as alkyd resins, PVC and Nylon 66—were starting to enter the marketplace. They set the stage for a broader revolution in polymer science that dramatically changed the work of architects, engineers and builders in the decades that followed.

avatar for Norman Weiss-[Fellow]

Norman Weiss-[Fellow]

Associate Professor, Columbia University
Norman R. Weiss is recognized for more than fifty years of scientific work with historic structures. He has taught at Columbia University since 1977. Prof. Weiss is a fellow of the Association for Preservation Technology, Vice President of MCC Materials, and Director of Scientific... Read More →

Friday June 1, 2018 8:30am - 9:00am
Texas Ballroom C Marriott Marquis Houston

Attendees (59)